Fjords of Baffin Island
FJORD (Pron: fyord) (a) A long, narrow, winding, glacially-eroded inlet or arm of the sea, U-shaped and steep-walled, generally several hundred meters deep, between high rocky cliffs or slopes along a mountainous coast; typically, with a shallow sill or threshold of solid rock or earth material submerged near its mouth, and becoming deeper inland. A fiord usually represents the seaward end of a deeply excavated glacial-trough valley that is partially submerged by drowning after the melting of the ice. Examples: along the glaciated coasts of Alaska, Greenland, and Norway. (b) Any embayment of the seacoast in a Scandinavian country regardless of the adjacent topography, as afjard in the low flat Swedish coast or aförde in eastern Denmark. Etymol: Norwegian. Cf: estuary; ria; sea loch. Var. spelling: fiord.